English Language & LINGUISTI Christina Sanchez-Stockhammer

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English language

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Phonetics and phonology
History of the English language
Varieties of English
Forensic linguistics
General linguistics





      This page assembles links to material on specific areas of (mainly English) linguistics. For more general information on linguistics (such as linguistics associations and blogs) please go to my linguistics page. Furthermore, a special page is devoted to corpora.






Phonetics and phonology

  IPA keyboard   A new tool has arrived, which makes life much easier for anyone transcribing texts phonetically or phonologically: www.i2speak.com provides a virtual keyboard on which you can type IPA symbols, either by using a mouse, a computer keyboard or even a touch screen! You can also change the font style (e.g. to Arial or Times New Roman) and copy the transcription directly into a Word document.
      Alternatively, you can use Weston Ruter's IPA chart. By simply clicking on the symbols, you can generate transcriptions and copy them into you own files as well.
  English accents   Click on the British Library's map of Great Britain to listen to local sound recordings or find even more British recordings here on the same site.
      If you are interested in global accents of English, then the site soundcomparisons by the University of Edinburgh is for you.
      The International Dialects of English Archive gives you access to many recordings in English by native and non-native speakers worldwide.
      The Speech Accents Archive also contains the same English text ("Please call Stella...") read by native and non-native speakers of English from all over the world. In addition, it provides phonetic transcriptions of the samples. 
  IPA chart   Have you ever wondered how to pronounce the sounds represented by all those fascinating symbols in the IPA chart? This version of the chart by the SIL is linked to recordings of the individual sounds and will thus give you the answer.
  Transcription exercises   Practise IPA transcription by typing the symbols into the University of Heidelberg's fantastic eTranscription interface - and then check your answers.
      Phonetic Flash is a collection of interactive programs that help you to improve your knowledge of phonetic symbols.
      On Ted Power's English Phonology page, you can choose the correct phonemes for a transcription with a drop-down menu.
  Software   If you would like to do research in English phonetics, the free software Praat, which has many useful features, may be just what you are looking for: not only does it allow you to work with spectrograms but it also comes with a very detailed beginners' guide.
  Link collection   A vast amount of material on English phonetics and phonology is available through Jennifer Smith's Online phonetics resources.


  For beginners   Daniel Chandler's Semiotics for Beginners is a very beautiful, readable and informative introduction for those who would like to be initiated to the study of signs.
  Advanced   Pascal Michelucci's impressive link collection Sites of Significance for Semiotics, by contrast, is a good recommendation to those who would like to read on.


  World Loanword Database   At the World Loanword Database (which is based on 58,000 words from 41 languages), you can find out about the borrowing relations between the world's languages - among them, English
This site will also give you an answer to questions such as "How many languages have a borrowed word for eye?".
  Framenet   Framenet is a lexical database which is based on Charles Fillmore's theory of case grammar and encodes the semantic frames for a large number of English words. 






History of the English language


Studying the History of English


Raymond Hickey's material goes into both external and internal developments regarding the English language. Among other things, it comprises a glossary of terms for the history of English and several timelines.




  10-minute animated film   Learn (or revise) how the English language has developed - in just ten minutes, in a funny animated film offered by the Open University
  Motion charts   Martin Hilpert's motion charts are a dynamic visualization of language change - and truly amazing!


  World Atlas of Englishes   The electronic World Atlas of Varieties of English (eWAVE), which was compiled using descriptive material, corpus data and native-speaker knowledge, allows its users to explore morphosyntactic variation in 48 varieties of spontaneous spoken English (e.g. traditional dialects and indigenized second-language Englishes) and 26 English-based Pidgins and Creoles throughout the world. eWAVE can be used to explore questions such as whether particular features are restricted to particular parts of the English-speaking world.

Forensic linguistics

  Facebook killer   Read (in YouTube) how forensic linguists from the Forensic Linguistics Institute tried to solve the case of the Facebook killer.

General linguistics

  Basic vocabulary world-wide   The Global Lexicostatistical Database (GLD) contrasts a set of about 100 basic vocabulary items in many of the world's languages.